Atheist is someone who does not believe in God or in any “superior being”. The word comes from the Greek “ atheos ” which means “without God, who denies and forsakes the gods”. It is formed by the negative particle “a” together with the stem “ theos ” (God). Atheist definition
The term was born in Ancient Greece to describe those people who rejected the deities worshiped by a large part of society. They were considered ungodly for not believing in the many revered gods.
In monotheistic religions (which involve the belief in a single divine being), an atheist is one who denies the existence of a supreme being, omnipotent (who can do anything), omniscient (who knows everything) and omnipresent (who is at the same time in all the places).
The atheism is a “philosophical position” of atheists , which rejects the idea of the existence of any gods. It is an attitude of disbelief in the face of the religious statement that there are deities and that they exert influence on the universe and on human conduct. Atheist definition
An atheist can have an active attitude (when he vehemently defends the absence of any God) or a passive attitude (when he denies it only because there is no evidence to demonstrate the existence of the deity).
Difference between atheist and agnostic
The main difference between an atheist and an agnostic is the belief about the existence or not of a god. If, on the one hand, atheists claim that God does not exist, agnostics do not deny his existence, but neither can they confirm it.
Agnostics, therefore, are rooted in doubt , as they do not believe they can assert the existence or non-existence of a god. Atheists, in turn, maintain that the existence of God should be proven by those who believe in him.
Agnostics can be classified as strong and weak. The strong believe that it is not possible to know whether God exists; and the weak say that the existence of a god might be discovered at some point. Atheist definition
difference between atheist and theist
Atheists are those people who do not believe in God and therefore do not follow any religion. Theists also do not follow any religion, that is, they do not participate in rites, celebrations and religious rituals, but they believe in the existence of a god or gods.
Theists can be monotheists when they believe in the existence of one God; polytheists, when they believe in various gods; or henotheists, when they believe in the existence of several gods, with one God supreme over all others. Atheist definition
Countries where being an atheist is a crime
Although choosing whether or not to have a religion and whether or not to believe in God seems like a personal decision, in some countries it is a reprehensible attitude. Atheism, as well as belief in certain religions, can be considered a crime, with penalties that can lead to death.
Maldives, Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Mauritania and Afghanistan are examples of countries where being an atheist can lead to capital punishment. In other countries, such as Egypt and Indonesia, although there is no death penalty, not following any religion is expressly prohibited. Atheist definition
In some of these countries, citizens must register as followers of some religion, usually Judaism, Christianity or Islam. This means that atheists, agnostics or followers of other religions need to lie about their beliefs.