A conscientious objector is a person who refuses to fulfill a certain duty on the basis of personal principles. In the opposition of conscience, the objector requests authorization to not fulfill an obligation that goes against his convictions, which can be of various types: ethical, philosophical, religious and political. Conscientious objector definition/
Conscientious objection is based on the idea that people should be free to act in accordance with the principles they cultivate. However, it cannot be stated in any situation and requests must explain the reasons for the objection.
The right to declare conscientious objection (or conscientious imperative) is guaranteed by the Federal Constitution.
Conscience imperative and mandatory military service
Conscientious objection is used as a justification for requesting exemption from military service, which in Brazil is mandatory and determined by law for men who turn 18 years of age.
In this case, the objection may be stated for religious or ethical reasons of the man who does not agree with the principles cultivated in the military service of any of the entities of the Armed Forces: Army, Air Force or Navy.
But it is important to remember that the request for dismissal due to an imperative of conscience must prove the reasons for the request, which is analyzed by the Armed Forces, and may be accepted or denied . Conscientious objector definition/
Types of Conscientious Objection
There are 8 types of conscientious objection, explained
- Conscientious objection to military service : request for exemption from compulsory military service motivated by disagreement with the principles or activities carried out by the Armed Forces.
- Religious Consciousness Objection : may apply to people who cannot do activities on specific dates or times due to religious practices. Conscientious objector definition/
- Conscientious objection in the profession : it can occur when there is some conflict between a professional activity and a professional’s moral or religious principle.
- Conscientious objection in medical treatment : it can be alleged in cases of medical treatments that violate ethical, religious or moral principles.
- Conscientious objection in organ donation : refers to the desire not to donate organs, which must be clearly expressed by the person.
- Conscientious objection to abortion : it can be declared by doctors who are against the procedure.
- Conscientious objection at work on Saturdays : this is similar to conscientious objection and can apply to people who cannot work on Saturdays due to the rules of their religion.
- Conscientious objection in elections : this happens when a voter refuses to participate in elections and electoral procedures. In these cases, it is necessary to do the justification of absence procedure. Conscientious objector definition/