Sociolinguistics

Cultural diversity with characteristics and distinctive features with detail

Cultural diversity

Cultural diversity is nothing other than coexistence in more or less harmonious terms of two or more human cultural aspects in the same political territory or the same nation. This supposes the reciprocal acceptance between the cohabiting cultures, jointly generating a variety (linguistic, gastronomic, religious, artistic, etc.) that increases the cultural capital of the country or region. Cultural diversity with characteristics and distinctive features

Hence, cultural diversity is celebrated and appreciated by most countries, despite the fact that in many cases it is the product of unhappy historical processes, such as emigration, wars, military occupations, or others like that.

According to UNESCO, an organization in charge of safeguarding the cultural heritage of the entire humanity, cultural diversity is as necessary for human civilization as biological diversity is for life itself.

The concept of cultural diversity is closely related to interculturality and multiculturalism, as well as to the so-called cultural identities.

Characteristics of cultural diversity

Multiplicity of cultures

There are numerous cultures in the world, understood as different visions of the cosmos , of humanity itself and of the world, with its traditions, imaginaries, languages ​​and representations. Each one is the product of the individual development, geographically isolated, of its people, as well as of the historical course of mergers, incorporations and subsequent penetrations that destiny will bring.

Distinctive features

Cultures are distinguished in fundamental features that serve to define their primary characteristics, namely: Cultural diversity with characteristics and distinctive features

  • Race. In many cases, the racial (phenotypic) similarity is part of the values of a culture, which recognizes its peers based on physical similarity. However, as history progresses and racial mixing occurs, or in the case of nations that are the result of miscegenation , this criterion is increasingly difficult to identify in a supposed “purity”.
  • Language . The language in which a culture expresses itself is loaded with the culture that engendered it (or the one that imposed it) and the historical and cultural accidents that have occurred since then to the societies that speak it.
  • Religion. Religiosity, mysticism, and rituality, as well as specific worldview, are distinctive features of a culture’s way of seeing the world.
  • Gastronomy. The way of eating, the methods of preparation, the favorite dishes and the forbidden foods are all part of the culture.
  • Art and folklore. The artistic and folkloric manifestations of aspecific community , their clothing, their initiation rites, in which they reflect their beliefs, values ​​and idiosyncrasies, are part of their cultural manifestations.
  • History . The own stories, thetraditional myths , as well as the official history of the ethnic group, nation or region, also constitute an indispensable element for the culture.

Areas of cultural diversity

There are regions with greater cultural diversity than others, among which are:

Certain Latin American countries. Such as Peru, Bolivia or Mexico , countries in which much of the pre-Columbian cultural wealth remains , which in other regions was razed by the Spanish conquerors or merged in a mestizo melting pot, as in the Caribbean.

The Balkans. The Eastern European region is rich in diverse cultures and varied languages, once brought together by totalitarian governments (such as that of communist Yugoslavia) and today they can more freely express their differences.

Asia Minor. Another region of extremely high cultural diversity, where different religions such as Buddhism , Hinduism and the various traditions of Eastern philosophy converge .

The former USSR. The territory formerly occupied by the Soviet Union of Socialist Republics (USSR) is today a diversity of nations with different histories, cultures and languages.

Cultural difference

Cultural difference is a concept different from cultural diversity since it supposes the existence of a “norm”, from which “other” cultures differ, often the product of migration or, worse still, as in the case of Latin America, of original occupants of the region, whose culture was made invisible through conquest and colonization.

Cultural preservation

Many diverse institutions are dedicated to the preservation and propagation of so-called “minority” cultures, that is, those that statistically cannot cope with the media imposition of the most robust or hegemonic cultures. Thus, many rites, languages ​​, and traditions are lost over the years. Cultural diversity with characteristics and distinctive features

Against diversity

There are various ideological or political positions of resistance to cultural diversity, which advocate the imposition of a central culture or the conservation of the “purity” of a specific culture, without understanding that cultures are living entities that change, grow, mutate. and they are transformed, making it impossible to “preserve” them intact except in a museum.

Interculturality

Interculturality is a concept similar to that of cultural diversity since it assumes the ability of a set of individuals or groups made up of different cultural identities to negotiate a common understanding without prevailing culture or point of view that is notoriously above the others, through dialogue and horizontal communication. Cultural diversity with characteristics and distinctive features

Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism or multiculturalism, in a similar way, proposes the coexistence of numerous different and specific cultural entities in the same geographical space, such as a specific country. This does not mean that they cohabit in a healthy and respectful, horizontal way, but it does mean that they share living space among all.

International Day

The May 21 is the International Day of Cultural Diversity for Development and Respect.

Cultural diversity with characteristics and distinctive features

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