English Grammar

Determination Formation of Parts of Speech with explanation

Determination of the part of speech

You can distinguish parts of speech by how a particular word functions in a sentence. You can use small tips that are easy to find in the sentence. Determination Formation of Parts of Speech

For instance:

  • A noun can and should have the article “a”, “an”, “the” or the word “some” before a word.
  • The verb ends with the phrase “let us …”.
  • The adjective comes after the phrase “you are very …”.
  • The ending “-ly” forms an adverb when added to an adjective.

In English, it is sometimes difficult to determine which part of speech is a word in a sentence.

For example,

the same word can have many meanings, and it can act as a different part of speech. For example, the well-known word “book” can be used as an adjective, as a noun, and even as a verb.

  1. Give me this book please. – Give me this book, please (noun).
  2. I want to book a hotel. – I want to book a hotel (verb).
  3. I met her in a book shop. – I met her at the bookstore (adjective).

Formation of parts of speech

Very often, students get confused with parts of speech and, trying to use familiar words, use a verb instead of a noun or adjective, etc.

In order not to get confused and know which word to use, you need to take into account the rules of word formation, then you can easily “turn” a noun into an adjective or a verb and vice versa.

Let’s take a look at some of the word-formation methods:

1-Conversion

This method is often applied to nouns and adjectives, and you can make a verb out of them without changing the spelling or pronunciation.

For example:

master – to master, water – to water, house – to house, empty – to empty white – to white

2-Composition

Using this method, you can form a new one from two nouns , simply by combining them .

For example: 

airfield – airfield (air-air, field – field), schoolday – school day (school – school, day – day), birthplace – place of birth (birth – birth, place – place). Determination Formation of Parts of Speech

3-Affixation

This is the way by which you can immediately recognize what is in front of us for a part of speech or form a new word, translate it from one part of speech to another.

Table: Formation of parts of speech in English
Part of speechSuffixExamples of
Noun-er
-or
– (t) ion
-ness
-ment
-hood
-ship
writer, worker, singer
actor, sailor, supervisor
communication, pollution, admission
happiness, goodness, weakness
excitement, enjoyment
childhood, brotherhood
friendship, membership, partnership
Verb-ise / -ize
-ify
-en
modernize, industrialize
electrify, terrify
shorten, deepen, darken
Adjective-able / -ible
-ive
-ous
-ful
-less
readable, countable, edible, flexible
active, passive
dangerous, furious
hopeful, useful,
forgetful useless, harmless, cloudless

Determination Formation of Parts of Speech

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