Psycholinguistics & Neurolinguistics

Emotional intelligence origin and Characteristics with details

Emotional intelligence

Emotional intelligence is the ability of people to understand their own and others’ emotions. It is a term that began to be used some decades ago, which implies the idea that human beings need another type of intelligence in order to be able to relate effectively with others, different from intelligence or intellectual capacity. Emotional intelligence origin and Characteristics

Emotional intelligence complements traditional intelligence. In other words, a person may not be very skilled from an intellectual or academic point of view, but they do turn out to be a person appreciated, loved, and valued by their peers. This generates a posture of appreciation before people, which will lead to being recognized for their emotional characteristics.

A person with emotional intelligence will be a person who recognizes and manages his own emotions and the emotions of others. In other words, a person with emotional intelligence has the self-control of their emotions, produces motivation in themselves and in their environment, transmits tranquility despite adversity, tolerates frustration, and controls their own impulses.

Characteristics of emotional intelligence

Origin of the term

Emotional intelligence emerges as a completely new concept coined by the writer, psychologist, and Harvard University professor Daniel Goleman in 1995, who wrote a book entitled ” Emotional intelligence. “

In this book, he explains how a person’s intelligence not only implies mathematical or linguistic abilities or skills since there is a wide range of intelligence that must be taken into account.

In his book, Goleman uses terms such as emotional literacy, empathy, social arts, among others.

Traditional intelligence

Traditional intelligence, which is measured by hard variables where the capacity of the person is determined by an IQ (intellectual coefficient) that indicates how intelligent (academic abilities) they have failed to explain why in certain cases a person with a low IQ was able to achieve such positive results on a social level; high esteem, great respect, great achievements on a personal level, etc. That is, he became a born leader.

Therefore, it was, from the 90s, that it began to be considered that traditional intelligence was not enough to achieve happiness and success. It could be said that emotional intelligence complements traditional intelligence in order to achieve personal or group success.

Acquired emotional abilities

Emotional intelligence is a concept that comes from the hand of a new conception by which it is taken into account that intelligence is not purely and exclusively a matter of innate capacities but, on the contrary, the brain learns throughout the entire life. life of the person and this will be largely mediated by emotional intelligence.

Recognition and mastery of emotions

A person with this type of intelligence is capable of recognizing their own emotions and mastering them as well as being able to recognize the emotions of others and understand beyond what the words express. Emotional intelligence origin and Characteristics

Flexibility and adaptability

People with a great capacity for emotional intelligence are in control of their emotions and, therefore, present, in the face of different daily challenges, high flexibility, and adaptability to unforeseen changes.

In other words, it was understood that not only a high IQ was enough but that the person was much more productive if he had control of emotional intelligence since this generated much more adaptability and flexibility to changes.


Empathy is the ability to put yourself in the other person’s shoes, to experience what the other person feels. In other words, empathy is understanding emotionally what happens to another person.

However, a person with emotional intelligence has empathy but uses this ability to solve a certain situation. That is, it not only understands one’s own emotions and that of others but transforms them for the benefit of both. Emotional intelligence origin and Characteristics

Education of emotions

Several decades ago it was believed that emotions were not possible to educate, they were not even taken into consideration. Today it is necessary and possible, according to emotional intelligence, to re-educate those harmful emotions (feelings of resentment, anger, hatred, etc.) and transform them into positive feelings that help each person in their life and in relation to other people.

Solidarity with others

A person with high emotional intelligence will have the feeling of solidarity in relation to others. This concept not only includes economic or material issues but also implies solidarity from the emotional point of view, containment, or the word that another person needs.


A person with high emotional intelligence recognizes what they want and knows how to achieve it since they have a balance between their emotions. In other words, your emotions do not dominate you but you use their recognition for your benefit and that of others.

Capabilities to lead

A person who takes these characteristics into account can be a leader for others, since, despite difficulties, a person with emotional intelligence is not overwhelmed by the challenges that are presented to him.

On the contrary, he seeks the solution, transmitting calm and serenity to the rest of the people. This, he executes not only from the word but also from the perception, communicating globally and directing a group, be it work, study, religion, etc. Emotional intelligence origin and Characteristics

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