Transcription of the English language is a sequence of phonetic symbols that helps us understand how to read a particular sound or word. Often, students are faced with transcription at the beginning of learning a language, when it is still quite difficult to read even fairly simple words, and then they simply do not pay attention to it. However, this will not last forever.in this article, we will describe the pronunciation of letters and sounds in English. Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
As soon as a student begins to skillfully use complex grammatical constructions, and develops a good vocabulary for free communication, then there is a desire to speak beautifully, like a native speaker, that is, to improve his pronunciation of English words. This is where we remember the good old transcription.
Vowel transcription Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
Vowel sounds are of two types – single sounds and diphthongs.
- [ʌ] – [a] – short;
- [a:] – [a] – deep;
- [i] – [and] – short;
- [i:] – [and] – long;
- [o] – [o] – short;
- [o:] – [o] – deep;
- [u] – [y] – short;
- [u:] – [y] – long;
- [e] – as in the word “plaid”;
- [ɜ:] – as in the word “honey”.
English diphthongs Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
Diphthong is a sound that consists of two sounds. Most often, a diphthong can be divided into two sounds, however, this cannot be conveyed in writing. Often, diphthongs are not indicated by a combination of several signs, but by their own sign. Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
- [əu] – [oh];
- [au] – [ay];
- [ei] – [hey];
- [oi] – [oh];
- [ai] – [ai].
Vowel pronunciation rules in English(pronunciation of letters and sounds in English)
- The sound ” a ” has four varieties:
1-[ʌ] – a short sound, as in the words “duck”, “cut”;
2-[æ] – soft sound. It is read as in the word in the word “cat”;
3-[a:] – a long sound that reads like in the word “car”;
4-[ɔ] is a short sound that sounds like both “o” and “a” at the same time. In British pronunciation, it is more like “o” as in “hot” or “not”.
- The sound ” e ” can be read in three ways:
5-[e] – for example, as in the word “let”;
6-[ə:] -. For example, “bird”, “fur”;
7-[ə] is one of the most common sounds in English transcription. In sound, is practically inaudible or indistinguishable, for example, [‘letə], “letter” – a letter.
- The sound ” i ” can be long and short:
8-[I] – a short sound, for example, as in the word “film”;
9-[i:] is a long sound, like in “sheep”. Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
- The ” o ” sound also has 2 variants – long and short:
10-[ɔ] – short sound, as in the word “bond”;
11-[ɔ:] is a long sound, as in the word “more”.
- The “ u ” sound can also be pronounced in two ways. It can be long or short:
12-[u] – short sound, as in the word “put”;
13-[u:] is a long sound, like in the word “blue”.
Transcription of consonants
In the transcription of consonants, everything is quite simple. It is enough to take a thoughtful look at the aforementioned letter combinations a couple of times, and they will remain in your memory.
In the transcription of consonants, everything is quite simple. It is enough to take a thoughtful look at the aforementioned letter combinations a couple of times, and they will remain in your memory. Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
- [b] – [b];
- [d] – [d];
- [f] – [f];
-  – [f];
- [dʒ] – [j];
- [g] – [g];
- [h] – [x];
- [k] – [k];
- [l] – [l];
- [m] – [m];
- [n] – [n];
- [p] – [n];
- [s] – [s];
- [t] – [t];
- [v] – [in];
- [z] – [h];
- [t∫] – [h];
- [ ∫ ] – [w];
- [r] – soft [p],
- [o] is a sign of softness.
Features of English transcription(pronunciation of letters and sounds in English) Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
In order to make it easier to navigate in reading words, it is important to know the main features of transcription: Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
- Transcription is always enclosed in square brackets 
- In order not to get confused about where to stress in a word, it is worth considering that it is always placed before the stressed syllable. [‘neim] – transcription of the word name.
- It is important to understand that transcription is not the English letters and sounds that make up a word. Transcription is the sound of words. Phonetic sounds of English alphabets
- In English, transcription consists of vowels, diphthongs, and consonants.
- To indicate that the sound is long, a colon is used in the transcription.
Of course, knowing only the character sets, it is quite difficult to read everything correctly, because there are many exceptions. In order to read correctly, you must understand that there are closed and open syllables. An open syllable ends with a vowel (game, sunshine), a closed one – with a consonant (ball, dog). Some sounds in English can be pronounced differently, depending on the type of syllable.