Syntax

Exclamatory sentences in English grammar with Illustration

Exclamatory sentences in English grammar

The exclamatory sentences are those sentences that allow the speaker to express emotions and feelings with spontaneity and simplicity. For example, I can’t believe it! Exclamatory sentences in English grammar

The emotional states that exclamatory sentences can contain are diverse: surprise, fright, joy, nostalgia, uncertainty, pain, regret, anger, and many others. 

  • In orality,  exclamatory sentences are characterized by an elevation of the tone of voice in the initial phase, to later make a rapid decrease in it.
  • In writing, exclamatory sentences are expressed through the use of exclamation marks (!) That frame the sentence. The opening sign of the exclamation has the superscript period (that is, above), while the closing mark has it subscribed (that is, below).

What is important in this type of sentence, especially in oral communication, is the way or the way in which the sender expresses his emotions, moods, or feelings. In spoken language, they are distinguished by the tone with which the sentence is said.

The exclamatory sentences can be either general or personal, that is, it can be a message for a person or it can be just an expression.

Examples:

  • Don’t touch that pot!
  • Obey when I tell you something!
  • Holy God!

Exclamatory sentences in written language

As we have already mentioned, in oral communication it is important to give the right tone to exclamatory sentences. But the written language is completely different.

Written, exclamatory sentences are accompanied by exclamation marks (!) At both the beginning and the end of the sentence. These signs are known as the opening (!) And closing (!) Exclamation points. Sometimes exclamatory sentences become indirect, that is, they do not use any type of exclamation mark. The latter usually correspond to a direct exclamation when used without dependence on the main verb.

Examples:

  • Direct exclamatory sentence:

How glad I am!

  • Indirect exclamatory sentence:

You don’t know how happy I am.

Formation of the declarative sentence into exclamatory

Remember that declarative sentences are the most common. The statements express events clearly and simply. They do not express feelings. To make the change of sentences we will only have to use the exclamation marks.

Examples

  • Declarative sentence: I forgot to buy milk.
  • Exclamative sentence: I forgot to buy milk!

Affirmative exclamatory sentence

Exclamatory sentences, like enunciative sentences, can be affirmative or negative. The intention in both cases is to accentuate the desire or the refusal. In the case of affirmative exclamatory sentences, they are usually made up of: the opening exclamation point (¡) + Subject + Verb + Complements + closing exclamation point (!).

Examples:

  • Declarative affirmative sentence: I like ice cream.
  • Affirmative exclamatory sentence: I like ice cream!

In the declarative sentence, you are giving information to the receiver of the message. He likes ice cream. In the second case, that of the exclamatory sentence, it is expressing a feeling and/or desire to eat ice cream. Exclamatory sentences in English grammar

Likewise, exclamatory sentences can also be impersonal. They lack a subject and, as a general rule, it is used for atmospheric phenomena such as, for example, It’s raining! or It snows!

Negative exclamatory sentence

In the case of the negative exclamatory sentence, we just have to place the negation adverb within the sentence. Unlike negative declarative sentences, in negative exclamatory sentences, we use exclamation marks and introduce ‘ No ‘ into the message.

Examples:

  • Negative declarative sentence: Pedro doesn’t want to go to the party.
  • Negative exclamatory sentence: But you don’t want to go to the party!

In the first case, in that of the negative declarative sentence, we are giving information. Pedro doesn’t want to go to the party. On the other hand, in the negative exclamatory sentence, we are exalting the fact that Peter does not want to go to the party and it causes us indignation, sadness, or anger.

In the case of exclamatory sentences of negation, we can also increase the intensity by doubling the particle no.

Example:

  • No, I do not want to go!
  • No, I do not like!
  • No, I do not want!

Examples of exclamatory sentences in English Grammar

  1. You finally realize it!
  2. I am fed up with your complaints!
  3. Oh, I got burned!
  4. He turned around and bang, all to the ground.
  5. Hahaha!
  6. Wow wow!
  7. What audacity!
  8. Yes Yes! I do it right away.
  9. Is incredible!
  10. !! Congratulations!!
  11. Merry Christmas!
  12. Shut!
  13. How much I miss it!
  14. Poof! What a way to perspire! I thought you would find out …
  15. It is outrageous!

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