Definitions

Moral values examples/detailed description

Moral values ​​are principles that guide the conduct of people in society . Moral values ​​are about good versus bad, or right versus wrong. Thus, we say that certain attitudes are morally acceptable because they conform to certain principles – moral values. Moral values examples

Justice

Justice is one of the pillars of life in society and concerns what is due to each person by right.

There are countless examples in our daily lives of situations in which justice is done. Let’s assume the following situation: a worker leaves a company and, when it comes to settling the accounts, the company refuses to pay what is rightfully owed to him. After a lawsuit, the judge determines that the company pays the worker. Justice was done.

On the other hand, we call for justice when we see a person being convicted without evidence or when we see someone commit a crime and go unpunished. Our feeling of indignation at these injustices expresses our moral sense.

Altruism

Altruism is the opposite of selfishness. In other words, it is a value that is expressed in behaviors that aim at the well-being of others. In Christianity, altruism can be translated by the phrase “Love your neighbor as yourself” (James 2:8). Moral values examples

A person who is part of a social organization that provides assistance to people living on the streets is altruistic.

Likewise, it is altruistic for a person who decides to engage in a social movement that fights for the rights of wronged social groups. She devotes her time and energy to the well-being of others.

Honesty

Honesty is acting according to truth and sincerity. The honest person is the one who, regardless of their interests, acts correctly and truthfully.

Let’s suppose the following situation: a boy goes to buy a magazine at the newsstand and, through an oversight, the stand owner returns the wrong change, giving more money than he should have. If the boy is honest, he will return the extra money given to him.

Another common situation is finding a cell phone forgotten in a public space. An honest person will try to locate the owner of the cell phone to return the device.

Freedom

Freedom is the right of a person to act according to his own will, as long as he does not break the law. This is one of the greatest values ​​of democratic societies, which care for individual and political freedoms.

We often see news of people living in slavery or semi-slavery. If we are appalled by this, it is because we regard freedom as a fundamental value.

A society that, after decades of dictatorship, regains civil and political rights (such as freedom of expression and the freedom to vote) was guided by the value of freedom. Moral values examples

Equality

Equality is another fundamental value of today’s democratic societies. In the Brazilian Constitution, for example, it is written that “everyone is equal before the law”. Thus, from the point of view of rights, all people are equal, regardless of their origin, race, creed or social class.

But people are not the same. For example: some are born rich, others are born poor. For the Greek philosopher Aristotle, equality consists in treating equals equally and unequal unequally, to the extent of their respective inequalities.

There would be equality in a society in which women and men, occupying the same functions, had the same wages. Equal pay is one of the main agendas of movements that fight for gender equality.

There would be equality in a society where there was no wage inequality between races in the labor market.

Loyalty

Loyalty is a moral value that provides for voluntary dedication to another person or to a cause. A loyal person does not fail in his promises, keeping his word with responsibility and dedication. In its origins, the word loyalty means “to act in accordance with the law”. Moral values examples

A person can be loyal to a political cause, for example. This means that she will not betray her comrades and will not act against her principles, remaining loyal to her political group from start to finish.

Loyalty is about integrity of character. A disloyal person is one who betrays their commitment, whether to a person, a group or an idea. In a friendship relationship, being loyal is being honest, sincere and dedicated to the friend.

Tolerance

Tolerance is a highly exalted value in democratic societies, in which citizens must accept and, above all, respect differences, whether social, racial, political or religious. To be tolerant is to respect the other’s freedom.

A person of a certain religion who lives respectfully and peacefully with another person of another religion can be considered a tolerant person. As much as there are divergences of beliefs, these divergences are overcome in the name of mutual respect.

There is tolerance in a society where people are not discriminated against because of their sexual orientation. The opposite of this is intolerance, that is, disrespect, discrimination and aggression, whether verbal or physical.

Empathy

Empathy is the ability to put yourself in the other’s shoes and seek to feel what the other would feel. Thus, the objective of empathy is to build a relationship of mutual respect by perceiving everyone as an integral person, with their feelings, interests, limitations and abilities. Moral values examples

This is a value that has been increasingly valued because it prevents disrespect for characteristics, choices or different ways of life. A person is considered empathetic if he has this ability to put himself in another’s situation and manage to act in the best way for everyone.

For example, in schools, one of the strategies to prevent cases of bullying is to develop empathy among students. Thus, each person should try to feel in the skin of the person who suffers persecution, is the target of mockery or even physical violence.

In the business environment, empathy is a highly valued quality in an employee, it can create an environment of cooperation among the team. It also makes it possible to have a better quality relationship with customers, seeking to understand their needs. Moral values examples

Solidarity

Solidarity is an important value that represents the help offered by one person to another in an unfavorable condition.

In societies where there is great social inequality, solidarity plays an important role as an aggregating and mobilizing feeling for civil society. Based on solidarity, some people seek to help those who need it most.

One example is the food and clothing donation campaigns, which seek solidarity with people with less material conditions.

Solidarity is more than a feeling of charity, it means the division of responsibility between those who are going through difficulties and those who can help.

Courage

Courage is understood as an important value, which concerns overcoming fears and fears to reach a goal. It opposes cowardice as a value that drives the actions of individuals. Moral values examples

It is important to realize that courage is not the absence of fear, on the contrary, there must be fear and its overcoming in order to have courage. An unbridled courage that does not assess the risks is called temerity and is more associated with an inability to judge than with a moral value.

Courage enables people to act in unfavorable situations. It is an important value for society due to its characteristic of overcoming or even facing injustice.

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