The negative sentence can be conceived as the reverse of the affirmative sentence, which expresses an affirmation. Negative sentences are usually less clear than affirmative ones, because when something is denied a range of possibilities opens up that the receiver of the message can think of, but has no way of solving. Negative sentences in English grammar
if someone tells us: I do not arrive in the morning , the possibility remains that I will arrive in the afternoon, at night, at noon.
Denial is an enunciative modality that exists in all languages and that tries to communicate that something is not happening or does not exist.
For example They did not finish on time.
Characteristics of negative sentences
- Negative sentences usually have a negation adverb , which is “no” in most cases.
- There are also other grammatical constructions of similar semantic value. For example: “not at all” or “not at all”.
- Denial can also be expressed through other words such as “never”, “nothing”, “nobody” and “no”. In these cases, the denial also implies an idea framed in time and in the subjects that surround the communicative situation. Negative sentences in English grammar
- Sometimes the negative intention is concealed in other enunciative modalities, such as the question , used with some frequency in the framework of dialogical communication. If while someone performs a certain movement, another asks why are you doing it like this? reproachfully, it is very likely that what he is really trying to say is that he does not.
- Unlike what happens in other languages, in Spanish negation has a particular property, which is that it is not subject to the question of duplicate cancellation.
Structure of negative sentences in English
When there are different elements in a negative sentence, the order to be followed is as follows:
- Subject : it can be a personal pronoun, a proper or common name, etc.
- Negative auxiliary : it can be a particle conjugated with the verb to do (dont’t / doesn’t) or with the verb to have (haven’t / hasn’t).
- Verb : varies depending on the verb tense that is being referred to.
- Complement : in the case that there are different elements, the adjective must always come first followed by the name, in the case that a quality of this noun is being given.
- Adverbs of way : they express the way in which the action is being carried out.
- Adverbs of place : they express where the action is taking place.
- Adverbs of time : collect when the action is taking place.
Formation of negative sentences in the present simple in English
The auxiliary verb to form negative sentences
How do you say ” I don’t walk ” in English? We don’t say “I
don’t walk.” The correct way to form a negative sentence is with a special auxiliary verb . This auxiliary verb is « don’t «. You just have to put it in front of the verb to make the sentence negative:
- I no way = I do not walk
- You don’t know = You don’t know
- They don’t drink = They don’t drink
Forming negative sentences with “he”, “she” and “it”
For the pronouns ” he “, ” she ” and ” it ” the auxiliary verb ” doesn’t ” is used:
- He doesn’t sleep = He doesn’t sleep
- She does not want me = She does not love me
- The machine doesn’t work = The machine doesn’t work
In the previous lesson, you learned that you put “s” with the verb for “he,” “she,” and “it.” For example, “He walks” would be “I walk s ‘ in English. But when we use auxiliary verbs (like “doesn’t” in this case), the verb is not conjugated. So you don’t put the ‘s’. To say ” He doesn’t walk ” in English, you would say “He doesn’t walk ” and NOT “He doesn’t walk
Examples of negative sentences
- You never came around here again.
- I do n’t understand how they can do that.
- There are no ways to get out of here without taking too much risk.
- You do n’t want to complain right now.
- You are also not going to the movies this weekend.
- They can not smoke indoors.
- They never played together in childhood.
- Things will no longer be the same here.
- I am not yet ready for such a task.
- I have never seen an airport of this size.
- No group from this station comes to your house.
- I hope I am not wrong with my forecast.
- I never thought something like this could happen.
- There was no way to fail, I can’t believe what happened.
- I do n’t understand any of what they taught last week.
- I will by no means wait until that time.
- They did not comply with the agreement.
- This whole week it wo n’t rain.
- Again, the math teacher didn’t come.
- Nobody understands what the president is looking for.
Negative sentences in English grammar