Definitions

Philanthropy definition/Examples of philanthropic actions/Third Sector

Philanthropy is the act of helping others, through various altruistic and solidary attitudes that collaborate with support for other human beings. Donations of clothes, food, money and other charitable actions are some examples. Philanthropy definition

The word philanthropy originated from the Greek term philanthropia , which can be translated as “love of man” or “love of humanity”.

Philanthropy can be practiced by individuals ( philanthropists ) or by philanthropic entities , which are typically non-profit groups or organizations (NGOs, for example). However, in both cases, the purpose is to propagate humanitarian and public interest issues, whether in the social, health, environment, education, etc.

In short, the philanthropist makes time and, in most cases, money of his own to help those in need, without expecting anything in return for this support offered. Philanthropy definition

It is believed that the origin of the concept of philanthropy would have been created by the Roman Emperor Flavius ​​Claudius Julianus. He wanted to eliminate Christianity from the Empire and restore paganism. To this end, he began to disseminate philanthropy as an alternative to the idea of ​​Christian charity.

Philanthropy is more related to being able to give something, even time and attention, to other people or important causes just to feel good, and can be practiced in churches, hospitals, schools, etc.

One of the possible manifestations of philanthropy is volunteering , when someone invests part of their time to contribute to a charitable cause without receiving financial compensation. Philanthropy definition

Examples of philanthropic actions

There are several actions that can be classified as philanthropic. Some of the most common examples are:

  • Donate clothes to those in need;
  • Donate basic food baskets to those who have financial difficulties to buy food;
  • Donate money to charities that promote various actions to help the less fortunate;
  • Volunteering as an educator; Philanthropy definition
  • Practicing some activity or service voluntarily (doctor, lawyer, etc).

What is the Third Sector?

Philanthropic entities belong to the so-called Third Sector. This is formed by non-profit institutions that aim to provide solutions to public issues.

The First Sector is the government that, theoretically, should be in charge of solving all the needs of the social public stratum. The Second Sector, in turn, is represented by private companies, which try to answer individual questions. Philanthropy definition

Difference between Philanthropy and Misanthropy

Both are opposing concepts. Philanthropy comes down to “love of humanity”, that is, when the purpose is to help people. On the other hand, misanthropy is total “hatred of humanity”, when the person (called a misanthrope ) feels uncomfortable interacting or sympathizing with other individuals.

Misanthropy can manifest itself in extreme ways towards some social groups, such as hatred for women (misogyny) and hatred for homosexuals (homophobia). Philanthropy definition

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