Philosophical Knowledge definition/scientific knowledge/example

Philosophical knowledge is the type of knowledge based on the reflection and construction of concepts and ideas, based on the use of logical reasoning in pursuit of knowledge. Philosophical Knowledge definition

Philosophical knowledge emerged from the abandonment of mythology as a way to explain reality. Curiosity and the desire to know generated the need to develop logical and rational explanations based on the human capacity to reflect and create concepts and ideas.

Philosophical knowledge uses reason, but eliminates the need for scientific verification, since its objects of study are the concepts themselves.

The main concern of philosophical knowledge is to question and find rational answers to certain questions, but not necessarily to prove something. In this sense, it can be said that this knowledge model is critical and speculative. Philosophical Knowledge definition

Characteristics of philosophical knowledge

  • Systematic: believes that the basis for resolving issues is logically guided reflection;
  • Elucidative: it tries to understand the thoughts, concepts, problems and other situations in life that are impossible for beings to be scientifically unraveled;
  • Critical: all information must be thoroughly analyzed and reflected upon before being taken into account;
  • Speculative: conclusions are based on hypotheses and possibilities due to the use of pure theoretical knowledge.

Difference between philosophical knowledge and scientific knowledge

Scientific knowledge is based on experiments , with the purpose of attesting the veracity and validity of a hypothesis. Philosophical knowledge, on the other hand, also has a rational and logical character, but does not require the need for scientific proof.

Philosophical knowledge can also be understood as being beyond theological and scientific thinking.

The theological knowledge consists in thinking and seek knowledge based on the principles of faith, organized around a religious doctrine. Philosophical Knowledge definition

example of philosophical knowledge

Philosophical knowledge differs from other forms of knowledge based on its method. The same theme can be explained by theories and fundamentals of different orders, here are some examples:

Theme: Origin of the World

  • Philosophical knowledge – logical and rational theories that could explain the phenomenon, such as determining a primordial element that would have given rise to everything that exists and can be observed. This approach is present in the first Greek philosophers, such as: Thales of Miletus, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides and Democritus.
  • Mythical knowledge – mythical thinking was based on belief in narratives about myths, bringing explanations based on relationships with the gods.
  • Religious knowledge (theological) – a model of knowledge based on belief (faith) and supported by sacred scriptures, revealed directly or through the influence of God. Religions such as Christianity, Judaism and Islam share a knowledge of the origin, understood as creation, of the world, called Genesis.
  • Scientific knowledge – knowledge based on methods of collection, data analysis, experimentation, which result in validated theories and recognized by peers (scientific community), such as the big bang theory.

Theme: Human actions and life in society

The theme of actions can also be studied and developed from different approaches depending on the knowledge base: Philosophical Knowledge definition

  • Philosophical knowledge – ethics is the study of the principles that govern human actions in their relationship with others. There is, then, a system of values ​​that determine human actions, their possibilities and the judgment of those actions. Some thinkers such as Aristotle, Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, among others, developed fundamental theories for understanding the values ​​that guide actions.
  • Religious knowledge – one of the fundamental concepts to discuss human actions from a religious perspective is free will, the idea that even though determined by God, human beings have the ability to act freely, according to their own will .
  • Sociology – actions are studied based on their social and cultural elements.
  • Neuroscience – studies actions based on the analysis of the activity of the nervous system and human brain in relation to the environment.
  • Law – actions are studied from a legal system guided by the formulation of values, norms and laws that guide social life.

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