Philosophy of Education definition/detailed description

It is the field of philosophy that examines, clarifies and directs the objectives, methods and pedagogical actions of an educational institution. Philosophy of Education definition

Philosophy of education can influence the choice of subjects taught in an institution and the way that teaching is done within the core curriculum.

In most educational institutions, it also helps to inspire and guide educational planning, programs and processes.

As it is important for education as a whole, it is one of the main subjects of higher education courses, such as pedagogy.

How important is the philosophy of education?

The educational process depends on four fundamental aspects: the educational institution, the teachers, the curricula and the students .

These four aspects are strongly correlated and integrated into the educational process of an educational institution.

Some scholars in the field believe that education is the result of philosophical doctrines, and educators are, in fact, philosophers.

Therefore, the philosophy of education is important in the construction and development of the educational process in the following aspects: Philosophy of Education definition

  • It helps to understand, maintain or modify the educational process of an educational institution;
  • Identifies conflicts and contradictions in any pedagogical theory that could interfere with the students’ educational process;
  • It develops the human capacity to raise ideas and discuss different pedagogical theories and how they affect the individual and social life of students;
  • It directs the educational institution to understand its purpose in the social education of students;
  • It assists and supports the significant objective of any educational institution, which is to qualify a person for public life and to be an effective member of society.

The rise of the philosophy of education and its theorists

Leading Greek philosophers developed philosophical views on education that were incorporated into their broader and more general theories.

Socrates affirmed that an education that sought reasoning and identified reasons to justify human beliefs, judgments and actions was fundamental.

This thought gave rise to the idea that education should encourage, in all students and people, the search for reason .

This theory has also been shared by most of the great figures in the history of the philosophy of education, despite differences in their other philosophical views.

Plato , a student of Socrates, defended his master’s assertion, supporting the idea that the fundamental task of education is to help students to value reason.

Therefore, he stated that wisdom should be above pleasure, honor and other activities considered less worthy.

He established a vision of education in which different groups of students would receive different types of education depending on their abilities, interests and positions in life. Philosophy of Education definition

His utopian vision has been seen by many as a precursor to what has come to be called “educational ordering”.

Centuries later, the American philosopher John Dewey also supported the claim that education should be tailored to each individual child.

Aristotle claimed that the ultimate purpose of education is to promote wisdom and was more optimistic than his teacher, the philosopher Plato, about the student’s abilities.

He also emphasized that the individual’s moral virtue and character can develop in the practical, community-led context, as well as in the educational field.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that education should allow for the natural and free development of children, a view that led to the modern movement known as “open education”.

Unlike Plato, Rousseau described a fundamentally different education for boys and girls, raising gender issues discussed to this day. Philosophy of Education definition

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