Relativism is a current of thought that questions the universal truths of man , making knowledge subjective. Relativism definition
The act of relativizing is taking into account cognitive, moral and cultural issues about what is considered true. In other words, the environment one lives in is crucial to build these conceptions.
Relativization is the deconstruction of predetermined truths, seeking the other’s point of view. The one who relativizes his opinions is the one who believes that there are other types of truth, perspectives for the same things, and that there is not necessarily a right or wrong.
The first step in applying relativism is not to judge. The strangeness of another truth or behavior helps to deconstruct the paradigm, and it is important to rethink the factors that influenced that construction.
Relativism is mainly associated with knowledge of the Human Sciences, such as Anthropology and Philosophy.
The so-called Sophist Relativism is a line of thought in Greek philosophy that defends the subjectivity of truth. What man believes and defends, whether as moral or knowledge, is as he sees and experiences, according to his context. Relativism definition
From the sophistic relativism, a current called Moral Relativism is built, based on the sophists’ interpretation that morality is also important for the process of knowledge construction. What will influence the idea of good and evil. Good is what is socially accepted, while everything that falls off the approved morality curve is regarded as evil.
Religious relativism goes beyond moral relativism, and in addition to questioning the formation of the concepts of good and evil, directly linked to religion, it calls into question the word of God as the only truth. Also with regard to the interpretations made by men of the sacred books. Relativism definition
Cultural relativism is an anthropological concept that defines that the set of habits, beliefs and values of a group, that is, its culture, influence what it considers to be truth. And to relativize culture, the person must first not judge, and then try to understand the traits of the other’s culture that led him to believe that it was true.
Cultural relativism would be the opposite of ethnocentrism. Ethnocentric thinking is one that only takes into account the morals and values of its own group to interpret other behaviors, and with this it ends up judging from its personal perspective what is done by other groups. Relativism definition
Cultural relativism, on the other hand, defends the opposite, that the subject’s culture should be relativized, that is, rethought, so that the other’s point of view can be understood.