Definitions

Skepticism definition/philosophical/absolute and relative/Dogmatism

Skepticism is a state of those who doubt everything , who are unbelievers. A skeptical individual is characterized by having a constant predisposition to doubt, to disbelief. Skepticism definition

Skepticism is a philosophical system founded by the Greek philosopher Pyrrhus (318 BC-272 BC), which is based on the assertion that man does not have the capacity to achieve absolute certainty about a specific truth or knowledge. At the opposite extreme to skepticism as a philosophical current is dogmatism.

The skeptic questions everything that is presented to him as the truth and does not admit the existence of dogmas, religious or metaphysical phenomena.

The skeptic may use critical thinking and the scientific method (scientific skepticism) in an attempt to prove the veracity of some thesis. However, resorting to the scientific method is not an imperative need for the skeptic, who may often prefer empirical evidence to attest to the validity of their ideas. Skepticism definition

philosophical skepticism

Philosophical skepticism had its origins in Greek philosophy and consisted in a denial of the fundamental validity of some theses or philosophical currents.

This kind of skepticism presupposes an attitude that doubts the notion of absolute truth or absolute knowledge. Philosophical skepticism opposed currents such as Stoicism and Dogmatism.

absolute and relative skepticism

Skepticism can have some degrees of intensity. As the name implies, the absolute skepticism created by Gorgia reveals that it is not possible to know the truth, because the senses are deceiving. So, everything is considered an illusion.

Relative skepticism, on the other hand, does not so vehemently deny the possibility of knowing the truth, denying only in part the possibility of knowledge, but at the same time admitting that there is a probability. Some currents that presented ideas of relative skepticism are: pragmatism, relativism, probabilism and subjectivism. Skepticism definition

Skepticism and Dogmatism

According to the philosopher Immanuel Kant, skepticism is the opposite of dogmatism. While dogmatism indicates a belief in an absolute and indisputable truth, skepticism is characteristic of an attitude of doubt in relation to these truths or the ability to definitively resolve philosophical questions.

scientific skepticism

Scientific skepticism indicates an attitude based on the scientific method, which intends to question the truth of a scientific hypothesis or thesis, trying to present arguments that prove or deny it. Skepticism definition

religious skepticism

Skepticism is often seen as the opposite of faith. Thus, religious skepticism doubts religious traditions and culture, also questioning the notions and teachings transmitted by religions.

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