Language and Linguistics

The concept of Weak and strong languages with explanation

The concept of Weak and strong languages

Human communication systems can be divided into weak and strong languages. In human language as a communication system, there are signs: The concept of Weak and strong languages

A

serving only for communication, their value is exclusively informational and communicative (for example, natural language, musical notation, the language of chemical formulas, Morse code, etc.);

B

signs that, in addition to the sign, have a non-sign nature:

1) facial expressions as a manifestation of emotions

2) utilitarian languages ​​- clothing, fashion for certain everyday things, etiquette, rules for conducting rituals – celebrating the New Year, passing entrance exams, etc.

If the language uses signs that can be used for functions other than meaning (meaning is the evocation of ideas about something within the code or general meaning)

for example, formal clothes, in addition to reporting the exclusivity of the moment, also have the function of protection from the cold, such languages ​​are called weak languages.

They are characterized by a trace. properties:

1) like languages ​​of the “strong degree”, such languages ​​require agreed syntax and semantics: not every user is able to read the message contained in them, for this, you need to be immersed in the same cultural tradition as the emitter of the sign;

2) their signs also have a practical meaning, in addition to the meaning to induce a representation in the recipient of the mark, similar to the representations of the emitter of the mark;

3) there are no firm rules for the use of signs of languages ​​of a weak degree;

4) the meanings of signs of languages ​​of a weak degree, except for those arising by prior agreement. They can arise from the analogy of the signified and the signifier. Otherwise, in addition to symbolic signs (agreed, unmotivated), iconic signs (signs-signs), in which the signified has similarities with the signifier, can be used as signs of languages ​​of a weak degree;

5) the degree of motivation of the message (for example, gradation according to the type of important unimportant message) correlates with the expression (degree of severity) of the signs. Flashy signs indicate the importance of the message. For example, the use of rare, expensive components in clothing testifies to the exclusiveness of the event for which this clothing is worn.

In the course of evolution, the human language went through many stages, from innate sounds, gestures, facial expressions to the appearance of words denoting actions and qualities, thus human activity was no longer subordinated to natural, but to social connections and relationships. This is a social and labor content and reflects the words, concepts of human speech. The concept of Weak and strong languages

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