Phonology

Vowel digraphs examples/definition/consonant digraphs

Digraphs

Certain letters combined form a single sound and when this occurs it is called a digraph.Traditionally these combinations were considered letters of the alphabet, but in the last spelling regulations of 2001 the distinction is made between letters and digraphs. The SAR distinguishes between the simple graphic signs (the 27 letters of the alphabet) and the five digraphs. This normative change aims to match the universal Latin alphabet . Vowel digraphs examples

The digraph is called the two-letter sequence that represents a single sound . The digraphs are not considered letters, since a letter is a grapheme, that is, a simple graphic sign. Instead, the digraph is a sequence of graphemes or letters. Vowel digraphs examples

In English there are also digraphs and they are especially important for pronouncing words correctly. With the digraph ch the words chair or cheese are formed, with sh fish or dish is formed, with ph you write phone or elephant and with th you form thread or thumb. Vowel digraphs examples

Consonant digraphs

Consonant digraphs are groups of two consonants that make a single sound. Examples of consonant digraphs are: Vowel digraphs examples

ch as in chat
sh as in ship
th as in thick
wh as in what
ph as in phone
ck as in sock Vowel digraphs examples

DigraphInitial or Final SoundExamples
“ch-“Initialchair, cheese, child
“-ch”Finallunch, pinch, rich
“-ck”Finalluck, sick, tuck
“kn-“Initialknight, knife, knot
“ph-“Initialphone, phonics, phrase
“sh-“Initialshape, ship, shoe
“-sh”Finalbrush, dish, flash
“-ss”Finalbliss, chess, mess
“th-“Initialthink, three, thumb
“-th”Finalbath, earth, with
“wh-“Initialwhale, what, why
“wr-“Initialwreck, wrist, wr

Vowel digraphs

These are groups of two letters – at least one of which is a vowel – that make a single sound, for example, the letters ow in the word ‘slow.’ Vowel digraphs examples

When teachers teach phonics, they tend to look at one sound and then show children the various ways this can be made and written down as a grapheme (a combination of letters).

For example:

true, food, crew all have the same /oo/ sound, represented by a different digraph (highlighted in bold) each time. Vowel digraphs examples

Day, rain and they also all contain the same sound (/ai/), but are represented by a different digraph each time.

DigraphExamples
“ai”gain, maim, stain
“ay”day, play, stay
“ea”beach, read, speak
“ee”feet, peek, sheet
“ie”brief, chief, thief
“ie”cried, pie, tied
“oa”boat, goat, road
“oe”aloe, toe, woe
“oe”canoe, horseshoe, snowshoe
“oo”book, cook, shook
“oo”zoo, boom, noon
“ue”argue, blue, rescue
“ui”cruise, fruit, recruit

Vowel digraphs examples

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