History

What does marquis mean/Characteristics/title/Competition

Marquis

The lands that remained on the borders of the kingdom were known as the ” mark of the kingdom “, for this reason those who lived on the border were known as Marquis . The first marquisates of the Spanish monarchy date from the year 1336 during feudalism . The time of the Spanish Monarchy, the title of Marquis was the most awarded . What does marquis mean?

What is the title of Marquis?

Marquis is a noble title that has been granted to people and lineages throughout history. Who grants it are the European monarchs. His position in the European nobility hierarchy exceeds the position of an earl , but is inferior to that of a duke . The lordship of a marquis is “Marquesado” and the feminine form is “Marquesa”.

The origin of this noble title goes back to the border lords of the kingdom, who were initially called marquises. These marks refer to border territories, such as the border with Muslim territories called Marca Hispánica.

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Characteristics of a Marquis What does marquis mean?

The noble title of Marquis has been granted in European countries , its characteristics depend on the region in which it was granted.

Title of Marquis in Spain

The noble titles of Spain are regulated by the State and recognized by the King . The improper use of noble titles is prosecuted by law, they are never susceptible to being bought or sold , the title of marquis is one of the most frequently granted.

It was not necessarily necessary to enjoy the nobility for the Spanish crown to grant the title of marquis. This title has been awarded as a prize for some merit or for a sale when the monarch’s coffers were scarce , in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries this was very common.

In Spain the title of Marquis began to be used more frequently from the 15th century on. The oldest marquisates are Santillana, Astorga, Villena and Aguilar de Campoo . At present, there are approximately 1,372 titles of marquis, and of those, only 142 hold the dignity of the Greats of Spain.

These noble titles are hereditary in the person of the son or the first-born of the last holder to the marquisate . The use of these titles is extended to legitimate consorts who hold the dignity, also to widowed spouses who do not contract a new marriage. What does marquis mean?

In Spain, the marquises who correspond to the Grandes de España are treated as Excellence , while those who do not belong to the Grandes de España are treated as Illustrious.

Marquis title in Germany

In Germany, Hungary and Bohemia the equivalent of Marquis are the Margraves, who controlled the territories of the Margraviates. For this reason, the German marquises are called both marquises and may also be called margraves . The German marquises were publicly recognized as princes of the Empire .

With the passage of time, the territory over which the marquises exercised their jurisdiction began to be called as marquesados . Such was the case of the Marquisate of Brandenburg and one of the most important German marquisates that of Baden.

Competition

Currently, the possession of a noble title does not imply any legal competence or privilege for the person holding the title . Until today, there are already three decades in which the title of marquis only has a symbolic and honorific validity. The last privilege that was eliminated was the right to a diplomatic passport by the Greats of Spain in 1984.

Requirements for a Marquis title

When it comes to marriages, whoever holds the title of marquis automatically grants it to his partner. Of course, as long as they remain married, and in the event of the death of the person who holds noble dignities, legal consorts can remain with the title, as long as they do not remarry .

As long as you remain married or widowed, you will enjoy all the treatments and honors of the marquisate. In the case of successions, these are processed by the Ministry of Justice and the use of these bodies is subject to taxes . What does marquis mean?

Currently, in 2006, an aspect of the law has been changed regarding the privilege of men over women when inheriting this title of marquis. The new law establishes gender equality in the order of succession.

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Marquis title in popular culture

Currently, in popular culture there are expressions that refer to the title Marquis , among them are:

  • In Spain an expression that refers to an opulent and carefree life is very common, which is: ” Live like a marquis “
  • One of the characters that have been recognized is that of the French writer Marquis de Sade . With his controversial libertine life, he has become a figure in popular culture.
  • In the famous film of the peculiar Gato con Bota, there is a character who poses as the Marqués de Carabás .

Hierarchy

When you talk about noble titles you are not talking about a social class. In the case of the nobility, the noble titles are estates of the old regime that have the particularity of being inherited . There may be nobles who hold the title, as well as others who do not. Among the titles that exist are:

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  1. Great of Spain : Corresponds to the class of people who are closest to the kings . They are called by the monarchs as “cousins”. According to tradition, they can be covered before the king and the women can remain seated. Another tradition is that they must request the permission of the king to be able to marry.
  2. Dukes : This title is derived from the word Dux which means governor . It is one of the titles of the highest noble hierarchy.
  3. Marquis : This title comes from the term “ Brand”, the reason is because it was granted to the lords who lived in the border territories .
  4. Count : Term that in Latin means “comitis or you eat”, that is, companion . The counts usually always accompanied the monarchs and stood next to them.
  5. Viscount : Formerly, they were the substitutes of the counts and in general they used to govern provinces .
  6. Baron : Title of the noble hierarchy that denotes nobility and dignity .
  7. Lord : It constitutes a title of lower rank, which indicates the possession of land .
  8. Hidalgo : In the nobility hierarchy, when it comes to hidalgos, it refers to people who lack titles . For this reason, there are many who are and do not know it. Its nobility is only passed on to the male.

After the title of Duke, the King or Queen grant the title of Marquis. Usually they were quite powerful people in European countries. What does marquis mean?

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