Ancient philosophy is the historical epoch in which philosophy is part from its emergence in Greece, in the sixth century BC to the fourth century AD, coinciding with the decay of the Western Roman Empire.
It was a philosophy that intended to encompass a great many ideas and fields, although its main objective was always to find the foundation that hides behind everything.
The philosophers of this period were characterized by a language full of criticism and reflection , thus managing to transcend the mythological vision that prevailed in their time.
The dominant paradigm in ancient philosophy
Ancient philosophy traces its origins to a specific place in Greece located on the Ionian coast. From that location, a variety of thinkers emerged who ended up defining the dominant paradigm of the time. Ancient philosophy
It is an eminently naturalistic current of thought , focused on the study of everything around it, leaving no doubt whether they are real or not. As an axiomatic idea, it can be said that there was a principle that the real was the cosmos, the Physis.
Within this idea, the human being was not understood as a privileged being, but as a being among the different ones existing in nature. Thus, despite their reasoning ability , human beings could never be placed on a higher scale than others, much less be considered the lord of nature. Ancient philosophy
Among the great philosophers of this first period, we can highlight the name of Thales de mileto, which can be defined as the first of its kind , being his work the beginning for future thinkers who believed that the origin of all beings was something material . In this way, Thales of Miletus is recognized today as the first philosopher in history and the founder of the school of Greek philosophy.
In any case, the work of Thales of Miletus was not only restricted to philosophy, but also came to be recognized as a remarkable astronomer in predicting a solar eclipse in the year 585 BC, as well as the father of modern geometry in being the first to introduce it. her in Greece.
Its importance is paramount, as it established a break with previous thinking based on mythological beliefs, leaving reality in the background of importance.