The term apraxia comes from the Greek word apraxia, which means difficulty in movement . In this way, the person who suffers from apraxia has a limitation in the coordination of some part of the body, causing this to affect their daily life in general. From a physiological point of view, this type of motor limitation has a neurological origin.
In general, people who suffer from apraxia have a motor dissociation, meaning that the brain gives an order to a part of the body, but this part does not react properly. It’s as if the mind knows what to do, but the body doesn’t respond effectively.
How to detect an apraxia?
When a person has motor difficulties in their daily life, it is possible that they have some kind of apraxia. This pathology is diagnosed through a neurological examination of the patient. On the other hand, it is necessary to observe their gestures when performing actions preceded by simple orders. At the same time, both left and right body mobility should be assessed.
Errors or limitations in mobility can be of two types: those that affect spatial and temporal movements and, on the other hand, difficulties or errors that affect the content of actions. A spatial error occurs when the patient improperly performs a movement and a content error occurs when he does not correctly interpret an order.
Types of apraxias
When a person has difficulty performing tasks at different times, he may experience an ideational apraxia. If the difficulty in movement is related to communication , it is customary to speak of ideomotor apraxia. When the limitation in mobility comes from visual control, it is called oculomotor apraxia.
The list could continue with verbal, constructive, orofacial apraxia or one that affects walking. In other words, the neurological problem can affect different aspects of mobility.
An orientation on the treatment of apraxia
As each type of apraxia involves a specific limitation, the treatment of this pathology can be quite varied. On certain occasions it is necessary the intervention of a speech therapist to correct the problems that affect speech, as well as a physiotherapist to improve the neurological connections that affect motor skills or a psychologist to exercise mental processes related to movement.