A multinational company consolidated within its sector and that obtains benefits, a football team that usually wins competitions and a highly qualified professional have something in common: the three are competitive. Their competitiveness is based on all the qualities that allow them to successfully compete with other companies, teams or professionals.
The concept of competitiveness is associated with the idea of rivalry
Somehow, in most human situations there is some conflict between them. Students, athletes or companies face each other, with some being winners and others losing.
Competitiveness has two different faces
The confrontation against the other is the two sides of the same coin. If rivalry is carried out with the common rules of the game (accepted and without pitfalls), one can speak of healthy competitiveness. In the case of an athlete who takes drugs to get a victory, he can be very competitive, but his approach is opposed to fair play and, therefore, it is illegal and contrary to the nobility of competition.
Competitiveness does not mean that anything goes to win, but it is necessary to respect certain rules among competitors. If a company sells its products outside the law (for example, not paying its taxes) it is engaging in unfair competition.
Competitiveness is desirable when there are certain legal and ethical limits, as long as a spirit of overcoming competition is adopted between the competitors facing each other. In sporting terms, fair play is necessary so that competitiveness does not become an exclusive social value . Otherwise, it becomes a tough fight, in which the “law of the jungle” prevails. However, it should be noted that competing with the objective of winning is not incompatible with respect and possible collaboration with others.
Capitalism is based on competitiveness
For some ideological approaches, competitiveness has a bad image. Thus, communism and anarchism defend positions based on cooperation and solidarity among men. According to these doctrines, the spirit of capitalism drives constant competitiveness and this struggle produces inequality , injustice and social exclusion of individuals who do not adapt to the needs of the market.
Although the capitalist system is eminently competitive and this dimension has both a friendly side and a cruel dose, the alternatives to the free market of capitalism have not yet demonstrated their effectiveness.