The violence domestic, also known as domestic violence, can be defined as the kind of violence developed in the environment family, the abuser may share or part of the same household as their victims. This violence includes other acts of physical and psychological abuse, as well as sexual abuse or rape.
Several authors agree in highlighting that there are three determining factors when explaining the origin of family violence: lack of affection, inability to control impulses and the fact of not being able to adequately face certain problems. To these we can add other secondary factors such as alcohol and drug abuse.
The dynamics of domestic violence
In cases of domestic violence there are a series of patterns that are constantly repeated. It is noteworthy that it is uncommon for these abuses to occur at the beginning of a relationship , when the couple or these family members try to maintain a positive behavior towards each other. Domestic Violence
The first phase of domestic violence is one that builds up tension and ends up ending up in aggression. As a general rule, aggressive behavior undergoes a gradual scale , first with objects and then with the spouse, which may manifest itself through verbal or physical abuse.
Faced with this situation, the victim’s response is usually to adapt his behavior to the aggressor’s demands, an attitude that does not prevent the violence from continuing to grow until it reaches a more acute incident that marks the beginning of the second phase of domestic violence.
The abuser releases all the accumulated tension on his victim deliberately and consciously
As a result of this sudden explosion, the tension disappears completely, which can give the feeling that everything has passed. Domestic Violence
Because of all this, the third and final phase of this dynamic is characterized by calm and even regret. It is not strange that the abuser becomes aware of what he has done and assumes his responsibility ; which causes the victim’s sense of hope, as if it were an isolated fact that will never happen again.
However, most of the time it doesn’t happen that way. If the aggressor does not receive adequate treatment, the cycle tends to start again, happening again the first time after a period of calm, with aggression and mistreatment becoming more and more violent.