The term dramaturgy refers to the art of theatre. The one who stars in this form of creation is the dramatist, that is, the person who makes dramas. In this sense, it should be noted that the word drama in Greek means “I do”. Thus, the playwright is the one who theatrically recreates an invented story, which can be a tragedy, a comedy, a drama, as well as a diversity of theatrical genres and subgenres (vaudeville, zarzuela, opera, monologue, mime, etc.). , dramaturgy is the art of acting out a story on a stage.
Elements proper to dramaturgy
The fundamental element of this art is the theatrical text . Although the history of theater is performed properly in conventional settings, it must not be forgotten that the theatrical work was also taken to cinema and television. dramaturgy
Theatrical plays are meant to be performed. In this sense, a theatrical text is incomplete because it does not incorporate the elements of the scenography, such as lighting, costumes or the movement of the actors. On the other hand, music and stage decoration are essential elements in any play.
The main argument of a play should be to draw the audience’s attention during its performance and thus establish a culminating moment to guide the story towards its final outcome.
In a theatrical story the characters are created to be channeled by actors
In this way, the action told to the spectator is expressed through dialogues between actors, so the figure of a narrator is not necessary.
In a theatrical text there are usually instructions from the author specifying how the actors should act and these instructions are known by the name of markings. dramaturgy
In summary, dramaturgy is formed by the following elements: the author or dramatist, the text itself, the actors directed by a director and the scenography. All of this designed to delight the public.
origin of theater
The Greeks attended religious ceremonies in honor of their gods. During these ceremonies, the Greeks enshrined the supernatural events of their gods and reproduced the lives of their mythological and legendary heroes. These stories had a moralistic component, from then on they began to act in a setting to express the need to pay loyalty to the gods or the laws of the city . dramaturgy
The first performances were held in honor of Dionysus and for this reason he is considered the patron of the theater.