Certain territories have a number of common environmental characteristics, such as climate , variety of animal species, vegetation or soil conditions. To refer to these areas, the term ecoregion or bioregion is used. From the standpoint of biodiversity, these geographic areas are divided into two blocks: terrestrial and marine.
Countries like Argentina, Peru and Panama have different ecoregions in their geographic area
In Argentina there are a total of 15 ecoregions and among them we can highlight the Jungle of the Yungas, the Puna de Atacama, the High Andes, the dry and humid Chaco and the Paranaense Forest. If we take the latter as a reference, it should be noted that its extension goes beyond the Argentine borders, as this ecoregion includes territories in Brazil and Paraguay. Ecoregion
The Paranaense Forest stands out for its humid tropical climate, the high number of birds and some species of native plants
Traditionally, the territory of Peru is divided into three natural regions: the jungle, the mountains and the coast. However, from a biogeographic point of view, there are a total of 11 ecoregions. Among them, the Pacific desert, the equatorial dry forest, the tropical sea and the palm savanna stand out.
Panama’s surface is not extensive, as it covers 74,000 square kilometers (approximately half of Nicaragua, another Central American country with little surface area). Despite this, it stands out for its biodiversity and the high number of ecoregions. These cover forest areas such as the Chocó-Darién, tropical rivers such as the Tuira or the Chiriqui, the Nicoya Peninsula and the Isthmian rainforests. Ecoregion
The World Wide Fund for Nature or WWF is the non-governmental organization that identifies the various ecoregions of the planet and promotes their preservation
In accordance with the WWF, there are eight ecozones worldwide and more than 800 ecoregions distributed them (each ecoregion is a biome specific).
Some ecoregions are especially fragile and consequently the fauna and flora of their habitats are threatened or endangered. This happens with the acacia forests of the Senegal River basin, with the wetlands of the Murray River in Australia, with the forests of Alaska or the low jungle of Peru (the latter is one of the areas with the greatest biodiversity of species on the entire planet. ). Ecoregion
To face environmental degradation, recovery strategies were created in which the preservation of nature and human activities are compatible.