Economics/Business

What is External Recruitment/main sources/The advantages/disadvantages

External recruitment is the process applied by HR to seek professionals in the market in order to fill an open position in the company and adopting best practices increases the success of hiring.

External recruitment consists of the search for professionals available in the market to fill an open position. Every company knows this process.

Although it is among the most well-known responsibilities of HR, this type of recruitment deserves attention so that it is seen in a more strategic way and leads to better hiring .

What is external recruitment

As we have already said, external recruitment is the process of attracting and selecting market professionals to make up the company’s staff .

It is called external because it focuses on an audience that is not yet part of the organization. This recruitment, therefore, leads HR to look for people available in the market or until they are employed in other companies.

This quest is common, but that doesn’t mean it’s easy. When HR directs its attention to an audience that is still unknown, it needs to be even more strategic and judicious in its processes.

The presentation must be clear and the advertisement of the vacancy must be well done. Furthermore, HR needs to look not only at technical skills and experiences, but also be able to carefully assess the set of soft skills and the profile of each candidate.

With all this, external recruitment is usually a long and sometimes expensive process, which requires good planning to be successful.

For you to better understand all this, let’s go through the main steps of this type of recruitment!

vacancy analysis

One of the first things HR needs to consider when thinking about how to recruit externally is the need for the company.

Before thinking about advertising a vacancy, it is necessary to be as clear as possible about what type of professional will be sought, considering their training, experiences and profile.

Therefore, together with the manager, HR must prepare a list of minimum requirements to be met and outline the ideal profile . Let it be clear: it is important to consider hard skills and soft skills in this process.

Once it’s clear who the company is looking for, it’s time to use the information to create the vacancy introductory text.

The description needs to be clear to prevent out-of-profile professionals from applying and end up prolonging the external recruitment process.

This description will also help HR itself analyze the profiles later in the process.

Publication of the vacancy

Once the first stage has been completed, HR can start publicizing the vacancy in order to attract candidates.

To do so, it is necessary to know the most common dissemination channels, which range from job search platforms to unions .

It is always essential to ensure that interested people know where to send their resumes and portfolios so that they can apply.

In addition, the company can also assess whether the HR hunting strategy applies. The practice is to actively approach professionals of interest, even if they are employed in other organizations.

It is worth mentioning that, in such cases, the disclosure of the vacancy has a differentiated approach. The contact usually starts with an invitation to a conversation about the opportunity.

If there is a positive response, as a sign of interest, details are shared and the rest of the selection process is conducted.

Conducting the interviews

An external recruiting process does not need to have a single interview. In contrast, it is possible to conduct an initial interview and make new contacts as the candidate progresses through the process.

This interview or initial contact can be done by phone or video call, for example, with the aim of collecting basic information and confirming the data presented in the resume .

Further on, further interviews, whether individual or in groups, can be scheduled. Remember that you don’t have to choose between one or the other.

Depending on the type of vacancy, a conversation between recruiters and candidates done individually may be enough. 

In other cases, group dynamics may be necessary for a more accurate behavior analysis.

Finally, an interview with the vacancy manager is also welcome to increase the chances of a good alignment between the professional and his future team.

The vacancy manager is the leader of the team interested in a new hire. Therefore, it is only fair that your opinion is heard before hiring. 

Hiring

External recruitment comes to an end with the hiring of the professional who best met the demands, that is, who came closest to the ideal profile outlined.

We are talking about a somewhat bureaucratic stage that has to do, above all, with the organization of all the paperwork such as the contract, the signing of the Work Card and the communication to Caged .

Although this is not our focus here, it is worth mentioning that, once this process is complete, HR turns its attention to the onboarding of new hires.

Difference between external and internal recruitment

Knowing what external recruiting is implies understanding the differences for internal recruiting. It’s simple.

While the first consists of the search for professionals in the market, the second concerns a search among those who are already employees of the company .

The idea of ​​internal recruitment is to understand who can change their position and even their area of ​​activity in the organization if they receive the proper training for a new role.

This process has to do with identifying potential and has its advantages for the company. In addition to being cheaper, internal recruitment bets on professionals with a good cultural fit and who already know the local dynamics well.

It turns out that the company is not always able to bet on internal recruitment or only in this modality. This is where external recruiting comes into play.

The main sources of external recruitment

It may seem needless to say, but an HR person needs to keep in mind that one of the steps to successful external recruitment is knowing where to advertise vacancies and look for professionals.

There are several channels to make this communication and establish the first contact. We will comment on the main ones below.

job search platforms

You must already know that there are websites specializing in the dissemination of job vacancies, right?

As an example, we mention here Catho , Vagas and InfoJobs, platforms that are widely used by professionals who want to find a job .

In short, this means that by using one or more of these sites, you ensure that you are advertising the vacancy in an environment full of people interested in new opportunities.

Advertisements in newspapers and magazines

There are those who think that, with the existence of job search platforms, print ads are completely left behind. Not quite.

Depending on the profile of the vacancy, traditional means can still be quite useful to find the profile you are looking for as a professional.

Social networks suitable for external recruitment

Currently, the most suitable social network to advertise vacancies and actively search for professionals, HR hunting , is LinkedIn .

That’s because LinkedIn is a professional network and the people who are there know that the main subject is the world of work.

Those who create a profile can even signal to recruiters that they are available for a new opportunity. 

In addition, it is an appropriate channel to approach professionals who are already employed, but whose profile is of interest to the organization.

However, this does not mean that you cannot advertise vacancies on other networks. The company page itself can be a channel, as well as recruited profiles.

When mixing a personal profile with professional issues, however, it’s always a good idea to consider appropriateness before acting.

Educational institutions and unions

Several higher education institutions partner with companies to advertise vacancies and help find new professionals.

This works especially well when the focus of external recruiting is finding people for a trainee program .

Unions are another channel for the dissemination of vacancies well targeted at professionals working in a specific sector.

Referral from other professionals

The famous “IQ” or “who referred” is a practice that you must already know well, right?

Although there is some mistrust in this indication story, the idea can work well if HR has the criteria to evaluate profiles in an impartial way .

Finding employees who fit an ideal profile can be challenging. So it doesn’t hurt to ask other recruiters and well-connected professionals if they know someone who might be a good fit for the position.

In general, a referral is based on confidence in the technical skills and behavior of the other.

This is because, although each one is responsible for himself, those who nominate feel that nominating someone is a responsibility that impacts everyone involved. So, this exchange can be very fruitful.

talent bank

Another interesting source for external recruitment is the company’s talent bank, that is, the CVs that were stored for future talent acquisition opportunities .

In a selection process, an organization is faced with people who have a good resume, an adequate profile, but who, for some reason, do not fit the open position.

These people, who have already been rated as interesting additions to the company, should be re-examined for the opportunity that has arisen.

Headhunters and external recruiting

Finally, we need to mention headhunters . In case you didn’t already know, we are talking about a professional who is an expert in the search for talent .

Backed by his networking and skills, he has the resources for a more successful search to find the ideal candidate for a position.

Hiring a headhunter does not mean taking HR out of the picture, but relying on specialized support to optimize the process and increase the chances of a successful hire .

The advantages and disadvantages of external recruitment

Whenever a strategy is studied to be adopted or optimized by a company, it is convenient to weigh the pros and cons.

For that, you need to know the advantages and disadvantages of external recruitment. Follow up!

External recruitment and its advantages

At this point in your reading, it is likely that you have already managed to think of some of the advantages of this type of recruitment.

So, just to help you go further, we’ve listed the main ones. Check out!

Access to a greater number of candidates and greater power of choice

If the company opts for internal recruitment, it obtains advantages, but it deals with a limited number of professionals capable of taking on a new position.

On the other hand, if you continue with external recruitment, you can evaluate hundreds of resumes and increase your power of choice.

A broader selection process allows for a more comprehensive analysis . Having the ideal profile well defined, HR is able to use the largest number of candidates in its favor to select the most suitable professional possible.

Encouraging contact with the market and increasing competitive advantage

It is important to make it clear that internal recruitment can be excellent to have professionals with a well-aligned cultural fit.

However, if the company only carries out internal processes, it ends up reducing its contact with the market.

Opening an external recruitment process gives the organization the possibility to keep up to date on its market, on the profile of professionals and even on requirements and salaries that are being practiced.

This openness also helps the company to be seen more among professionals and arouse the interest of potential talents.

Also, when opting for external recruitment, the organization has chances of increasing its cultural diversity , something that favors productivity, innovation and profitability.

As a result, the process contributes to increasing the company’s competitive advantage as it now has a more plural and stronger framework.

Receiving new and extra-motivated people

Someone given the opportunity to change roles within the company can also be highly motivated. 

The same goes for new professionals who come to the organization through an external recruitment process.

The point here is the power new people have to help bring about more meaningful change .

If the company is looking for a renewal of ideas or even of its organizational culture, for example, it may be easier to achieve this with someone from outside.

Creating or sourcing the talent pool

When talking about the sources of external recruitment, we mentioned the talent pool. With this, it is likely that you have already understood its relevance to an organization.

The talent bank is a tool that gathers candidate data, such as information about academic background, previous experiences, projects, etc.

Its purpose is to store this information so that HR has easy access when a new vacancy is opened in a recruitment and selection process. Something that helps to save time and even reduce costs .

External recruitment and its disadvantages

As it should be, there are disadvantages or points of caution about external recruitment that need to be noted. Let’s go to them.

higher cost

We’ve mentioned this before. Compared to internal recruiting, the external process tends to cost the company more.

The reasons are due to the fact that this type of recruitment requires the placement of ads and is longer. 

Something that results in more HR time and resources invested in the task of finding and selecting the ideal candidates .

Risk of negative impact on the organizational climate

If the process of new hires is not well worked out internally, company employees may receive the arrival of new professionals in a negative way.

That’s because it’s natural for professionals to want to climb the organization’s hierarchy.

If, instead of giving a chance for the growth of its employees, the company prefers to hire, a malaise can be generated , harming the organizational climate.

To clarify, it is possible to do both: enabling the professional growth of employees and investing in internal recruitment when necessary.

However, it is necessary to pay attention to the company’s internal scenario and the possibilities that exist there or should be better worked on to prevent new hires from being poorly received.

Greater margin of error

A problem that draws attention in hiring that do not work out is not the lack of qualification, but the lack of identification.

HR is recommended to bet on tools such as the behavioral profile in the selection process . The idea is to increase the chances of alignment between mission, vision and values ​​of each professional and the company.

If the alignment does not happen properly and becomes an obstacle, it can increase turnover , voluntary or involuntary, causing more expenses and headaches for the organization.

Do you realize, however, how each of the disadvantages that we point out here is circumventable?

To successfully adopt external recruitment, your HR needs to organize itself well to make the process efficient and work on people management.

What type of recruitment is best for my company

Now that you know the advantages of external recruiting, as well as its disadvantages, you may be wondering which is the best way forward.

Therefore, we emphasize that the types of recruitment are not exclusive. It is necessary to evaluate the moment, the possibilities and the need of the organization before defining which recruitment to adopt at each moment .

Also consider that tests are welcome and that it is positive for the company to develop both types of recruitment. So you can apply either one well.

We have prepared an analysis as an example so you can better understand how to evaluate and define which type of recruitment to choose.

Analysis of the ideal type of recruitment

The opening of a vacancy happens when the company identifies the need for a new hire.

It is common for this to happen when demand gets too high for a team or when internal changes mean that someone else is needed.

Once the situation presents itself, HR needs to analyze and profile the vacancy. The idea is to contrast this profile with that of employees to find out if internal recruitment is possible and appropriate.

If the professional with the ideal profile does not exist within the company, there are still two paths: 

  1. train employees with the greatest potential so that one of them fills the vacancy; 
  2. move on to external recruitment.

Although it is a long process, external recruitment can be faster and more appropriate depending on the size of the gap between the employee profile and the vacancy profile.

In other words, it can pay more to seek someone from the outside than to prepare someone from within.

We also remind you that your company can opt for mixed recruitment. If there are employees with a satisfactory, even if not ideal, profile, the company may have doubts about who to choose.

Continuing the selection process with employees and external candidates can help resolve the dilemma as the possibilities widen.

Important tip! Whenever the company opts for internal recruitment, do not underestimate steps such as the interview and group dynamics. It is not because HR already knows the professional that it is advisable to stop evaluating him normally.

Best practices for external recruitment

We hope you understand that you don’t have to choose between internal and external recruiting. Both, separately or together, can be valid for your strategy.

Despite this, our focus is still on the external modality, so we turned to tips on how to apply it more efficiently. Check out the top 3 best practices in external recruitment below!

1. Bet on the use of technology

The longer process can be considered a disadvantage of external recruitment, because it makes it difficult for your company to fill urgent vacancies well or even save money.

Remember we mentioned that it is up to HR to organize itself well to make the process efficient? One of the ways to do this is to bet on the use of specific technologies.

Currently, there are different recruitment software available in the market . These are platforms that optimize data collection, systematization of information and the creation of a history of each process.

In addition, they are able to optimize manual steps such as sending emails that are part of the usual contact with candidates.

The software also allows the creation of tests to be applied to test the knowledge or hard skills of candidates, in addition to evaluating their profile and soft skills .

2. Align the steps with the vacancy manager

We mentioned the vacancy manager and its importance before, do you remember? HR is of paramount importance in an internal recruitment process, but the future leader of the new hired professional cannot be left out of the process .

At the beginning, still in the analysis of the vacancy, HR can count on the manager to help draw the ideal profile of the candidate, as well as to better structure the description of the vacancy.

It’s not that this manager should evaluate each resume that arrives together with HR, but as the process narrows, their opinions should be considered. 

It is for this reason that we mention the interview stage carried out by this leadership.

3. Follow the contract to the end

We emphasize that, after the external recruitment process is completed, HR still needs to take care of the onboarding , that is, the integration of the contractors.

Strategies for welcoming and training new employees are part of this integration.

Its proposal is to make the adaptation faster and more pleasant so that newcomers can successfully integrate and soon be able to play their roles properly.

When this process is not done well, the results tend to be poor and new hires tend to quit their jobs. But it’s not just for these reasons that onboarding is worth following .

Paying attention to hiring all the way through helps HR assess whether its external recruiting strategies are working .

If the onboarding was too challenging or did not yield the expected results, the problem may be in the choice of candidates. 

Thus, integration can also serve as a thermometer for HR performance in hiring.

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