Intolerance is called the act of belittling a person because of their political, religious, sexual orientations, etc. This action does not necessarily constitute a crime in all cases, although it certainly approaches this circumstance. Throughout human history, there have been countless cases where an intolerant attitude has led to real tragedies.
The intolerant attitude can be identified as a deficiency , and in this sense, few people can feel totally exempt from this defect. This does not mean to match all of a person’s beliefs, attitudes or actions, but simply to avoid taking this difference personally.
Intolerance can sometimes be coated in dangerous forms such as racial discrimination.
From slavery in ancient times to the Ku Klux Klan there have been countless regrettable examples. However, the dangerous becomes evident when these attitudes are promoted in the State . Thus, the Nazism in the first half of the 20th century that killed thousands of Jews, or the South African apartheid in force until 1992, are clear examples where racism was not only tolerated, but justified and promoted by laws.
In relation to the religious aspect, in the most extreme cases, we can mention the wars, whether declared or undeclared, wars such as those developed in Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth century or the so – called Holy War. Also noteworthy is the persecution carried out by the atheist posture by the Soviet Union against those who professed a religious creed.
Another expression of intolerance is undoubtedly sexism, which has a derogatory view of the opposite sex for some of its characteristics, ignoring the complementary role that the female and male nature have
One author who drew heavily on the subject is John Locke, particularly in his Letter on Tolerance; it tends to separate the state in the civil and religious spheres because it considers them independent.
However, it was perhaps John Stuart Mill who made the most interesting argument in favor of tolerance, insofar as it can lead to the truth. Certainly, the fact of tolerating the opinion of others can serve for a dialogue that demonstrates whether there are errors in their own opinions.
Currently, the most extreme attitudes of intolerance, such as racism and sexism are openly reproached, but these same attitudes have been reproduced in other areas in a more veiled way, and may take on forms of debauchery or disqualification.