Kepler’s laws owe this name to Johannes Kepler, an astronomer and scientist who lived in Germany between the 16th and 17th centuries. His fundamental contribution to the scientific field was the explanation of the laws about how the planets move around the Sun through mathematical logic.
The history of science is built thanks to the sum of the talent of historical evolution . Well then, this author’s theory was an important basis for Newton’s proposed development of the Law of Universal Gravitation.
movement of planets
The observation of the firmament and the understanding of the stars has been a subject of scientific and philosophical interest that has motivated the human heart even in the period of Greek philosophy with Plato, Socrates and Aristotle. Kepler’s Laws
Kepler believes that the stars move around the sun in an elliptical way, with the sun located at one of the points. Another of this expert’s conclusions is that the line that joins a planet to the Sun is defined by equal zones at times that are also equal. This scientist developed this theory by integrating into his study a system composed of six planets: Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Venus and Mercury. Kepler did not know Pluto’s orbit.
This scientist lived in a historical moment when science was beginning to gain authority thanks to the power of observation necessary to prove the nature of phenomena as they are by themselves.
This specialist also carried out his work taking into account the contributions of Tycho Brahe, an astronomer who studied the position of the planets with precision. Kepler broke with the belief that the motion of planets did not revolve around circle- shaped orbits , but rather around elliptical orbits. Kepler’s Laws
Furthermore, Kepler concludes that the speed at which the planets move also varies according to their position relative to the Sun. The closer a planet gets to the Sun, the speed increases and, on the contrary, it decreases as it moves away.
Kepler’s contribution to the history of science is very important because his laws were an example of universality. His work was decisive for Isaac Newton to conclude with his research that the most important bond between the planets and the sun is the power of gravity. Kepler’s Laws