Krausism, also called panentheism, is a cultural movement initially developed in Spain whose main idea is the regeneration of political ideals and human values in society .
the historical origin
Since 1860, some Spanish intellectuals began to know the work of a current of German thought , based on the philosophy of Inmanuel Kant. This philosophy proposed a new humanism , without dogmatism and with a pantheistic spirit. One of its representatives was Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, whose works were translated into Spanish by jurist Julian Sanz del Río. From this movement, Krause’s thought was introduced in university environments in Madrid and quickly expanded as Krausism. Francisco Giner de los Ríos took on Krause’s ideas and thus the entity he led, the institution “Libre de Enseñanza” became part of the Krausist movement. Krausism
Spanish krausism proposed the renewal of thought
It exalted Humanism and a tolerant attitude on the ideological terrain in connection with liberal thought. Secularism was another essential feature, just as there was a desire for renewal in education that proposed a more open training system (which emphasized experimentation, excursions and teaching far removed from the religious spirit of the time). There is a demand for the role of the individual , who must act with the purpose of improving the society he lives in.
The Krausist ideology had a loyal following in the academic world, although it also received harsh criticism from the more conservative sector of society. He was accused of belittling national tradition, of going against God and inspiring socialist ideas. As some of its members were Freemasons, this circumstance also received harsh criticism from supporters of the clergy and more traditional intellectuals.
When the civil war broke out in 1936, most representatives of Krausism had to go into exile for political reasons.
They immigrated to several countries in Latin America, where their ideas were well received. In fact, prior to this, some intellectuals from the American continent had already connected with Krausist thoughts. A good example of this fact was José Martí, one of the Cuban independence leaders.
The krausimo had relations with German – inspired liberalism, Freemasonry and philosophical humanism , but it especially intended to modernize Spanish institutions, to give a new intellectual impulse to a country anchored in the past.