Most consumer products become waste and can go to two places: a garbage dump or a landfill. In the first case, the accumulated residues have a high pollutant component, while in the second they manage to completely eliminate the environmental impact .
What is a landfill?
Before putting this type of installation into practice, it is necessary to carry out a series of studies on different topics: the geological characteristics of the soil, studies on air and groundwater, a survey of the environmental impact, etc.
Once this prospecting has been carried out, the relevant licenses and the corresponding ISO certifications can be obtained. Obviously, before determining the location for a landfill, it is necessary to calculate the amount of garbage that will remain in that space, for that it is necessary to carry out a study on the production of garbage per inhabitant.
The sanitary landfill is a space dedicated to depositing solid waste from an urban center. In order not to contaminate the subsoil, the land is waterproofed with a specific high-density plastic material, polyethylene. The waste is deposited on this plastic and on top of it compacted clay is placed so that the landfill occupies a reduced area.
It should be noted that plastic waste can channel leachate, very polluting liquids that are the product of organic decomposition
Depending on the characteristics of the land, the landfill can be built with some type of ditch or area or a combination of both. With this method , it is possible to eliminate all types of solid residue, in order to avoid the accumulation of ash and all the elements that do not decompose. Currently, most landfill systems are mechanized compaction rather than manual type .
Finally, with the landfill system , the population should not fear the possible contamination of groundwater and the environment in general.
Additional Advantages of Landfills
This waste storage method not only provides an environmentally friendly solution, but also provides two significant advantages: low maintenance and operation cost and, at the same time, an activity that generates jobs. When the location of the space is close to an urban area, transportation costs are remarkably reduced.
The landfill is designed for urban populations that generate more than 40 tons of waste per day.