It is understood with special emphasis on the discipline of public health what can be expected of a person from the age of two. Life Expectancy
It is one of the main indicators used to assess the general health status of a given population and that directly reflects the conditions of its health system .
The average level in the world population
Life expectancy is very low in countries with serious problems of poverty, malnutrition and the ignorance of their inhabitants. Given these conditions, the risk of developing various health disorders increases, especially infectious diseases that can lead to high rates of infant mortality, including in adults. Life Expectancy
The countries where the population manages to reach younger ages are mainly African countries, in particular Sierra Leone, Botswana, Mozambique, Democratic Republic of Congo and Lesotho, where their inhabitants can reach the maximum of fifty years of age.
Developed countries, with good sanitary conditions and higher educational level, favor so that their inhabitants can reach between 82 and 84 years of age. This is the case of countries like Hong Kong, Japan, Switzerland, Spain and Italy, nations with a longer life expectancy at birth. Life Expectancy
These striking differences are no more than a reflection of the enormous social and economic inequality that exists between continents such as Europe and Africa.
born in latin america
In the case of Latin America, we find an average lifespan of approximately 75 years.
In these nations, mortality from contagious diseases could be controlled. However, there has been an increase in the incidence of emerging and non-communicable diseases that have an impact on population mortality, such as cancer, respiratory diseases and metabolic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Life Expectancy
Many countries in the Americas still have a precarious health infrastructure, which contributes to the lack of adequate access to low- income and disadvantaged populations , to non-medical care of a curative nature, to preventive medicine programs, as well as to better treatment of several chronic diseases and the inclusion of rehabilitation programs that allow the adequate management of the disability associated with the progress and complications of these diseases.
Factors affecting a population
In order to increase the life expectancy of a population, it is important to carry out several interventions to improve their living conditions and infrastructure, as well as access to the health system.
Factors such as the availability of drinking water, vaccination of the population, access to food, the possibility of performing recreational activities and the availability of an equitable and accessible health system are essential for the inhabitants to live longer and with a better quality of life . Life Expectancy