Literature refers to the aesthetic use of the written word aimed at meeting the needs of culture and leisure. Literature groups different genres, each with its own characteristics: the lyrical genre, which includes works with the use of the word subject in cadence and rhythm; the dramatic genre, composed of theatrical works performed in front of the public; and finally the narrative genre, composed mainly of short stories and novels, where the main function is to tell a story with different extensions, depending on whether one or the other is treated.
Although these genres seem to offer a very clear norm, that is, to perceive that each text is based on the fulfillment of concrete and clear guidelines, what is certain is that this delimitation was not present in antiquity, being just a classification of recent times. Thus, in ancient times, the emerging sketches of a literary type are linked to religious texts and transpositions to the orality of songs. Examples of these circumstances occur first in the Zoroastrian texts, and then in the Iliad. Later, they preferred the different rules to organize the speeches, reaching this classification presented. Literature
Literature has traversed a long and winding path from the beginning, but it has been reaching over time a great refinement until reaching its summit in recent centuries; suffice it to recall Russian realism during the 19th century, authors such as Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky and Chejov were able to portray the peculiarities of human experience like few others. Its evolution has always been attributed to movements that, in addition to aesthetic approaches, had, on the other hand, a philosophical vision of reality . Literature
The last great movement that came to literature was undoubtedly magical realism during the second half of the 20th century. This phenomenon was called “boom” and reached writers such as Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru), Gabriel Garcia Marquez (Colombia), Julio Cortazar (Argentina) and Carlos Fuentes (Mexico). It was characterized by mixing realistic elements with fantastic elements, creating atmospheres where the supernatural was considered as everyday and trivial. This was perhaps the last moment when literature could forcefully captivate a massive audience. Then, with the proliferation of audiovisual media, the practice of reading as leisure by the public fell into disuse until it reached its minimum expression , basically limited to sporadic Best Sellers. The most affected withoutdoubt was the poems. Literature