The map is the representation of a specific territory. The discipline that studies maps and their graphical representation is known as cartography . Although the cartographic idea of a map can be understood in many senses, from the point of view of geography there are two types of maps: physical and political.
What does a political map contain?
In the first place , it should be noted that all maps are made in a certain scale . Political maps are those that indicate the administrative division of territories and that are carried out through a differentiation of colors. Thus, on a world political map, each country is represented by a color and the lines that form the territory are its political boundaries. In many cases, national borders are related to geographic features of nature.
On a political map, it is possible to visualize the outline of a country and understand the limits of its political sovereignty , as well as the neighborly relations between countries that border it. On the other hand, political maps include the administrative division of nations, for example, into autonomous regions, provinces or departments.
Major cities are marked with a dot and the capital appears with a larger dot. In some cases, these maps present additional information such as major highways or ports. The information geographic may also appear in the political maps, but always in the background.
What is a political map for?
Its main purpose is formative and educational, since political maps are studied in subjects such as geography and history. The geography of a country conditions its political situation, as both areas of knowledge (geography and politics) need maps as tools. Thus, to understand a political map it is necessary to become familiar with the corresponding physical or geographic map.
The study of a political map allows us to understand the geopolitical situation of a country, that is, how a country projects itself in the world. It must be remembered that the history of nations is conditioned by their geographical location and their political borders.
Finally, comparing political maps with other maps (eg geological, climatic or topographic ones) facilitates the overall understanding of a country.