Thiamine is the technical name for a vitamin, also called B1. There are a total of 13 known vitamins, all of which are inorganic substances found in food, since our bodies are unable to synthesize them.
Thiamine is part of a group of vitamins, called the B group, all of which are essential for life
Group B shares a series of properties: they are soluble in water and are related to metabolism , that is, to the set of chemical reactions they produce in our body.
Thiamine is an active molecule, thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), so when there is a deficiency it means in our body it can cause some illnesses. In fact, its discovery is based on the proof of its absence in the manifestation of the beriberi disease . This disease has been known since antiquity and manifests itself with neurological symptoms and heart problems.
In the beginning of the 20th century, it was detected that the lack of thiamine is the cause of this pathology, which is historically manifested in the East, where the basic diet is rice and when there is no husk, it causes beriberi. The lack of vitamin B1 is also present among people who suffer from alcoholism, as well as some very specific neurological syndromes (the best known is Korsakoff Syndrome). In relation to alcoholism, we must remember that alcoholic beverages act as an inhibitor of vitamin B1.
Thiamine is present in a large amount of food: in meat, seafood, pasta and cereals
There are foods that have a reduced amount of this vitamin, such as vegetables, dairy products and fruits. The excess of thiamine is not recommended, even without causing toxicity, as it is eliminated in the urine. For this reason it is considered innocuous. According to doctors, the right amount a person should take daily is between 0.4 and 1.4 mg, although these doses vary depending on the age and lifestyle of each person.
Thiamine absorption is fast and is stored in the brain , kidney, heart and especially in the liver, the organ responsible for processing the nutrients that feed us, among other vital functions.
Some medications contain thiamine and are indicated for patients undergoing hemodialysis. toxicity cases are exceptional, as everything that is ingested is not at risk and does not suffer general contraindications.