The atmosphere surrounding the Earth’s surface is multilayered. In this sense, the troposphere is the closest layer to the Earth’s surface. The temperature of this layer gradually decreases the greater the height. On the other hand, the various meteorological phenomena that make up time occur in the troposphere.
After the troposphere comes a next layer, the stratosphere . In it the temperature increases progressively the higher the altitude.
After the stratosphere there is a new layer: the mesosphere. In it, the temperature decreases as the altitude increases, reaching -90 degrees Celsius. Troposphere
The fourth layer is known as the thermosphere, in which the air is very light and the temperature changes depending on solar activity (if the sun is active, temperatures reach 1500 degrees Celsius).
It should be noted that the thermosphere includes another specific region : the ionosphere .
The troposphere and the factors that determine the weather
The meteorological changes that occur in the troposphere are due to several factors: temperature, precipitation, fronts, types of clouds and wind strength. Troposphere
Atmospheric temperature on Earth fluctuates between -80 degrees Celsius at the Earth’s poles and 50 degrees Celsius in the desert territories.
Depending on the type of cloud , temperature and humidity, different types of precipitation occur.
Precipitation in liquid form is known as rain or drizzle and precipitation in solid form is known as hail or snow.
The weather fronts are divided into cold or hot
The cold front is seen as a bad weather zone that forms when a cold air mass collides with a warm air mass. The term front is taken from military terminology and refers to the collision of two air masses.
Cloud types also determine weather. There are six types of clouds: stratus, cumulus, stratocumulus, altostratus, altocumulus and cumulonimbus.
Finally, changes in the troposphere are produced by the action of the wind that forms from gas streams. These are produced by temperature differences caused by energy from the Sun that affects the Earth when it rotates on its axis.