Although currently already speak a ” language itself”, the first graphical environments of informative operating systems sought to be a metaphor found in the table work . Hence the name “desktop” or desktop, and what has become most famous is Windows. Windows Desktop
The Windows desktop is a user interface element that acts as the main point of activity.
It is on the desktop that the application windows are displayed, with all their corresponding elements and from which we can manage and organize them, with operations such as minimize, maximize or resize.
In addition to containing the application windows, the desktop also contains other elements that help your daily work with the operating system.
This is the case of the taskbar, an element that allows you to manage the windows opened on the system , besides containing other items such as the Start button (from Windows 95), the clock, quick access icons, drivers and programs residents. Windows Desktop
On the desktop we can also place icons corresponding to direct access to programs, files, folders or storage drives, as well as files and folders, that is, not direct access, but the content directly.
Widgets are more modern elements, which are small apps that display content on the same desktop, so you can have information without having to open the app.
The most visible and personalized element of the desktop is the background wallpaper, the famous “desktop background”, which we can change color and customize with a photograph. Windows Desktop
There are entire libraries dedicated to images of all kinds and that embrace all genres, so we can use the desktop background, including customizing with an image made by us, whether it’s a photograph or a drawing made by hand and then digitized
This element, the background image, is the most evident, visible and best denoting desktop customization, although we can play with more elements in this customization aspect, for example, the color play of the windows and their elements, the typography and font size.
Historically, the Windows desktop is derived from the classic fonts of the classic Mac OS, “copied” by Microsoft
Although, in fact, the term “copy” in computing matters is a pervasive concept, as you never know where inspiration ends and hard copying begins. Windows Desktop
From Windows 1.0 through 3.1/3.11, the desktop didn’t offer excessive functionality, something that changed with the arrival of Windows 95.
The difference is that until Windows 3.1 / 3.11, this was not an operating system, but a windowing environment built on top of a 16-bit operating system, which was MS-DOS . Windows 95 became an official operating system, in addition to moving to 32-bit (even in early versions there were still 16-bit codes).
The graphical environment took a qualitative leap between these two versions, gaining functionality from the Windows 95 desktop and greater customization capacity.
In Windows 98, Microsoft proved an interesting concept, but it didn’t work: the active desktop.
This consisted in being able to include in the background of the desktop (regardless of the image or color) one or more web pages inserted, so that they were updated. Windows Desktop
Thus, we can configure news pages so that we can view the latest ones when we log into the system.
Microsoft also tested, with greater luck, the integration of its Internet Explorer web browser in the operating system’s graphical interface and, with that, its integration also in the desktop
However, what had to be technically correct and good luck for the acceptance of users, ended up losing in the courts.
All modern operating systems with a graphical interface for computers have a desktop in one form or another, regardless of their specific functionality, way of working and appearance. The ones that get rid of using this metaphor are its versions for mobile devices, including Windows 10 in its version for smartphones and tablets.
However, when we connect one of these mobile devices to an external monitor, if we have Continuum functionality, the graphical interface becomes the same desktop as the desktop operating system. Windows Desktop
Likewise, some Android devices are also looking to turn their interface into a desktop metaphor. For many years, since the invention of Xerox, that Steve Jobs “stole” (with permission of the previous ones) to Apple and Microsoft was “inspired” (for many copied), the desktop metaphor is still with us and with great vitality.